The Inheritance and Estate Tax Act — Part IV

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(Article XXI of the Tax Reform Code of 1971, Act of March 4, 1971, P.L. 6, No. 2, added by Act of Aug. 4, 1991, P.L. 97, No. 22, as amended.)

— RATE OF TAX —

Section 2116. Inheritance Tax.

___(a) (1) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of any of the following shall be at the rate of four and one-half per cent:

_________(i) grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, except transfers under subclause (1.2), and lineal descendants; or

_________(ii) wife or widow and husband or widower of a child.

______(1.1) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of a husband or wife shall be:

_________(i) At the rate of three per cent for estates of decedents dying on or after July 1, 1994, and before January 1, 1995.

_________(ii) At a rate of zero per cent for estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 1995.

______(1.2) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property from a child twenty-one years of age or younger to or for the use of a natural parent, an adoptive parent or a stepparent of the child shall be at the rate of zero per cent.

______(1.3) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to of for the use of a sibling shall be at the rate of twelve per cent.

______(2) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of all persons other than those designated in subclause (1), (1.1), (1.2) or (1.3) or exempt under section 2111(m) shall be at the rate of fifteen per cent.

______(3) When property passes to or for the use of a husband and wife with right of survivorship, one of whom is taxable at a rate lower than the other, the lower rate of tax shall be applied to the entire interest.

___(b) (1) When the decedent was a resident, the tax shall be computed upon the value of the property, in excess of the deductions specified in Part VI, at the rates in effect at the transferor’s death.

______(2) When the decedent was a nonresident, the tax shall be computed upon the value of real property and tangible personal property having its situs in this Commonwealth, in excess of unpaid property taxes assessed on the property and any indebtedness for which it is liened, mortgaged or pledged, at the rates in effect at the transferor’s death. The person liable to make the return under section 2136 may elect to have the tax computed as if the decedent was a resident and his entire estate was property having its situs in this Commonwealth, and the tax due shall be the amount which bears the same ratio to the tax thus computed as the real property and tangible personal property located in this Commonwealth bears to the entire estate of the decedent.

___(b.1) The inheritance tax due upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of a husband or wife shall be the lesser of the tax imposed under subsection (a)(1.1) or the tax due after the allowance of the credit provided for under section 2112.

___(c) When any person entitled to a distributive share of an estate, whether under an inter vivos trust, a will or the intestate law, renounces his right to receive the distributive share receiving therefor no consideration, or exercises his elective rights under 20 Pa.C.S. Ch. 22 (relating to elective share of surviving spouse) receiving therefore no consideration other than the interest in assets passing to him as the electing spouse, the tax shall be computed as though the persons who benefit by such renunciation or election were originally designated to be the distributees, conditioned upon an adjudication or decree of distribution expressly confirming distribution to such distributees. The renunciation shall be made within nine months after the death of the decedent. In the case of a surviving spouse taking his elective share of an estate, the renunciation shall be made within the time for election and any extension thereof under 20 Pa.C.S. § 2210(b) (relating to procedure for election; time limit). Notice of the filing of the account and of its call for audit or confirmation shall include notice of the renunciation or election to the department. When an unconditional vesting of a future interest does not occur at the decedent’s death, the renunciation specified in this subsection of the future interest may be made within three months after the occurrence of the event or contingency which resolves the vesting of the interest in possession and enjoyment.

___(d) In case of a compromise of a dispute regarding rights and interests of transferees, made in good faith, the tax shall be computed as though the persons so receiving distribution were originally entitled to it as transferees of the property received in the compromise, conditioned upon an adjudication or decree of distribution expressly confirming distribution to such distributees. Notice of the filing of the account and of its call for audit or confirmation shall include notice to the department.

___(e) If the rate of tax which will be applicable when an interest vests in possession and enjoyment cannot be established with certainty, the department, after consideration of relevant actuarial factors, valuations and other pertinent circumstances, may enter into an agreement with the person responsible for payment to establish a specified amount of tax which, when paid within sixty days after the agreement, shall constitute full payment of all tax otherwise due upon such transfer. Rights of withdrawal of a surviving spouse not exercised within nine months of the transferor’s death shall be ignored in making such calculations.

___(f) Property subject to a power of appointment, whether or not the power is exercised and notwithstanding any blending of the property with the property of the donee, shall be taxed only as part of the estate of the donor.

[Subsection (a) was amended by the Act of June 16, 1994, P.L. 279, No. 48, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 1994, and further amended by Section 16 of the Act of May 24, 2000, No. 23, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 2000.
Subsection (a)(1.1) was added by the Act of June 16, 1994, P.L. 279, No. 48, and was amended by Section 19 of the Act of June 30, 1995, P.L. 139, No. 21, effective for decedents dying on or after January 1, 1995.
Subsections (a)(1.2 and 1.3) were added by Section 16 of the Act of May 24, 2000, No. 23, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 2000.
Subsection (b.1) was added by the Act of June 16, 1994, P.L. 279, No. 48, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 1994.
Subsection (c) was amended by Section 16 of the Act of May 24, 2000, No. 23, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 2000.
Subsection (e) was added by the Act of June 16, 1994, P.L. 279, No. 48, effective for decedents dying on or after July 1, 1994.
]

Section 2117. Estate Tax.

___(a) In the event that a Federal estate tax is payable to the Federal Government on the transfer of the taxable estate of a decedent who was a resident of this Commonwealth at the time of his death, and the inheritance tax, if any, actually paid to the Commonwealth by reason of the death of the decedent (disregarding interest or the amount of any discount allowed under section 2142) is less than the maximum credit for State death taxes allowable under section 2011 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (Public Law 99-514, 26 U.S.C. § 2011, a tax equal to the difference is imposed. If a resident decedent owned or had an interest in real property or tangible personal property having a situs in another state, the tax so imposed shall be reduced by the greater of:

______(1) the amount of death taxes actually paid to the other state with respect to the estate of the decedent, excluding any death tax expressly imposed to receive the benefit of the credit for state death taxes allowed under section 2011 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or

______(2) an amount computed by multiplying the maximum credit for state death taxes allowable under section 2011 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by a fraction, the numerator of which is the value of the real property and tangible personal property to the extent included in the decedent’s gross estate for Federal estate tax purposes and having a situs in the other state and the denominator of which is the value of the decedent’s gross estate for Federal estate tax purposes.

___(b) In the event that a Federal estate tax is payable to the Federal Government on the transfer of the taxable estate of a decedent who was not a resident of this Commonwealth at the time of his death but who owned or had an interest in real property or tangible personal property having a situs in this Commonwealth, a tax is imposed in an amount computed by multiplying the maximum credit for State death taxes allowable under section 2011 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by a fraction, the numerator of which is the value of the real property and tangible personal property to the extent included in the decedent’s gross estate for Federal estate tax purposes having a situs in this Commonwealth and the denominator of which is the value of the decedent’s gross estate for Federal estate tax purposes, and deducting from that amount the inheritance tax, if any, actually paid to the Commonwealth (disregarding interest or the amount of any discount allowed under section 2142).

___(c) When an inheritance tax is imposed after an estate tax imposed under subsection (a) or (b) has been paid, the estate tax paid shall be credited against any inheritance tax later imposed.


Evans Law Office
Daniel B. Evans, Attorney at Law
P.O. Box 27370
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Telephone: (866) 348-4250
Email: resources@evans-legal.com

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